The Model 714 NO2/NO/O3 Calibration Source combines our Model 408 Nitric Oxide Calibration Source™ with our Model 306 Ozone Calibration Source™ to provide a highly portable transfer standard for three pollutant gases without the need for a compressed cylinder of nitric oxide.
Calibrated concentrations of O3 are produced by photolysis of oxygen in scrubbed ambient air, and calibrated concentrations of NO are produced via a patented technique that uses photolysis of nitrous oxide (N2O),
N2O + light --> N2 + O*
O* + N2O --> 2 NO
where O* is electronically excited oxygen atoms. In addition, calibrated concentrations of NO2 are produced by gas phase titration (GPT) of NO with O3 using the same method as conventional GPT NO/NO2 calibrators. The concentrations of all three pollutant gases are directly traceable to the NIST photometric standard for ozone – eliminating uncertainties associated with the stability of nitric oxide standards.
Nitrous oxide is provided by disposable 8 or 16 oz cartridges typically used for making whipped cream, eliminating the requirement for a compressed gas cylinder and thereby enhancing safety and portability. The Model 714 is designed to accompany sales of our new FEM Model 405 nm NO2/NO/NOx Monitor and replace current calibration systems for all ozone, NO and NO2 monitors. The Model 714, which has an intuitive touch screen user interface and capability for remote operation, is provided in a rack mount-sized instrument case matching that of the Model 405 nm.
|Method of NO Production
||UV photolysis of Nitrous Oxide (N2O) at 185 nm
|Method of O3 Production
||UV photolysis of Oxygen (O2) at 185 nm
|Method of NO2 Production
||Reaction of O3 with excess NO (gas-phase titration, GPT)
|NO2 Concentration Range
||0-500 parts per billion by volume (ppb)
|O3 Concentration Range
|NO Concentration Range
|Output Flow Rate
||~2.0 to 3.5 L/min (2.5-3.0 L/min typical)
|Precision and Accuracy
||Greater of 2.0 ppb or 2.0% of NO or O3 concentration
|Response Time for Change in Calibrant Gas Output Concentration
||< 30 s to reach 95% of selected concentration
|Input and Output
||Touch Screen LCD Display
||Rackmount: 17" w x 14.5" d x 5.5" h (43 x 37 x 14 cm)
||~16.6 lb (7.53 kg)
||120/240 V AC with 5-amp power pack, or 12 V DC
Run, O3 Channel: 0.91-2.79 A at 12 V, 10.9-33.5 watt
Run, NO Channel: 1.16-3.10 A at 12 V, 13.9-37.2 watt
Warmup Max: 3.38 A at 12 V, 40.6 watt
|Programmable Calibrated Gas Output
||Yes, up to 99 different repeatable sequences may be specified by the user for NO, NO2, or O3 output, with up to 15 steps for each sequence from 0 to 500 ppb for O3 and NO2 (1000 ppb for NO); stored in memory
|Remote Operation Capability
||Yes, Modbus, via Ethernet TCP/IP and 2B Tech software tool
|Transportation and Temperature Storage Ranges
||-20 °C to 60 °C
|Relative Humidity Range
Theory of Operation
The Model 714 NO2/NO/O3 Calibration Source™ combines the 2B Technologies Model 306 Ozone Calibration Source™ and the Model 408 Nitric Oxide Calibration Source™ to produce calibrated sources of O3, NO and NO2. The Model 714 makes use of two low-pressure mercury lamps, one to photolyze oxygen to produce O3, and a second lamp to photolyze nitrous oxide (N2O) to produce NO. Nitrogen dioxide is produced in the stoichiometric reaction of O3 with excess NO to convert NO to NO2. A schematic of the Model 714 is shown below:
For the production of ozone, a small flow of scrubbed and dried ambient air is directed into the O3 photolysis chamber (lower part of the diagram). The vacuum UV emission lines of a low-pressure mercury lamp near 185 nm are absorbed by O2 to produce oxygen atoms, and the oxygen atoms rapidly attach to O2 via a collisionally stabilized reaction to form O3. The concentration of O3 produced in a flowing stream of air depends on the intensity of the photolysis lamp, the concentration of oxygen (determined by pressure and temperature), and the residence time in the photolysis cell (determined by volumetric flow rate and cell volume). By holding these parameters constant, it is possible to produce a flow of air containing a constant concentration of O3, and the concentration of O3 produced can be varied most conveniently by varying the lamp intensity. An in-line dryer reduces the humidity of the air stream and enables more precise control of ozone produced in the photolysis chamber.
For the production of NO, a mass flow controller (MFC) directs a ~40 cc/min flow of nitrous oxide from an N2O cartridge or gas cylinder into the N2O photolysis chamber (upper part of diagram). The vacuum UV emission lines of a low-pressure mercury lamp near 185 nm are absorbed by N2O to produce electronically excited oxygen atoms. A large fraction (~59%) of these highly energetic oxygen atoms react with N2O to form NO. The nitrous oxide can be supplied by a 16-g or 8-g disposable cartridge (e.g., Whip-It or other whipped cream charger) in the Model 714’s Portable N2O Source, thereby eliminating the need for a compressed gas cylinder.
For the production of nitrogen dioxide, a known concentration of O3 is reacted with a large excess of NO according to the reaction:
NO + O3 --> NO2 + O2
The NO stream combines with the O3 stream in the Reaction Zone (see schematic). In order to avoid complications from secondary reactions, nitric oxide is always generated in excess to completely consume all of the O3. The concentration of NO2 produced is equal to the initial ozone concentration. This method of producing known amounts NO2 equal to the amount of ozone added has long been referred to as the “gas phase titration” (GPT) method. The calibrated NO2 stream will therefore also contain the excess NO.
By powering the appropriate lamp, one can choose to produce only a calibrated amount of NO, only a calibrated amount of O3, or one can power both lamps simultaneously to produce a calibrated amount of NO2.
Remote operation of the Model 714 can be accomplished via a Modbus TCP/IP interface through an Ethernet connection to a computer. A free software tool developed by 2B Tech is used in implementing remote operation, a feature that makes it possible for the user to adjust the parameters of the Model 714 during runtime and carry out calibrations without being co-located with the instrument.
- Calibrate for NO, NO2, or O3 using one instrument
- Low average power consumption
- Lightweight (~16.6 lb, 7.53 kg), standard rack-mount size
- Convenient user interface, touch screen
- Program up to 99 different sequences, stored in internal memory
- A sequence can have up to 15 steps and can be repeated up to 99 times
- Portable N2O source eliminates the need for compressed gas cylinders
- Economical, replacing the use of multiple other commercially available instruments
- Capability for remote operation, enabling adjustments and calibrations when not co-located with the instrument
- Model 714 NO2/NO/O3 Calibration Source
- Power Adapter (5 amp, 100-240 VAC to 12 VDC) with select power cord
- Portable N2O Source
- Model 714 Dryer
- Operation Manual on USB Stick
- Downloadable Software Tool for Remote Operation
- Calibration Data and NIST-Traceable Calibration Certificate
- Instrument Birth Certificate
- One-Year Warranty
Industrial Technical Services from Mississauga, Ontario is a single source Instrumentation and Automation company. We provide certified calibrations, PLC programming, custom controls and Panels.